Taj Mahal, the 17th century monument is located in the busy, industrial city of Agra in northern India is ranked eighth in the world for the most polluted air according to World Health Organisation list earlier this year.
On the beauty of Taj Mahal along with Air pollution, water pollution is also affecting. According to researchers, from years burning fossil fuels, bio-mass and garbage as well as dust has left behind carbon deposits which are turning the white marble dome and minarets of the Taj Mahal brownish yellow. As a result, the India’s Supreme Court has ordered the government to take appropriate action.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) will study the impact of air pollution on the Taj by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur. For this, IIT has contacted the Indian Council of Archaeological Survey (ASI) along with CPCB.
Recently, the exterior of the building has lost some of its incredible lustre due to a build-up pollution, dirt and grime from surrounding building sites.
M.C Mehta, a leading environmental lawyer who has been fighting legal battles to conserve the Taj Mahal for over three decades, Mehta said that if authorities did not have the expertise to do so, they should seek foreign help.
Archeological Survey of India is using a paste made up of clay mineral, to clean the marble but observer say it has not been effective in preventing the marble from decaying.