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Indian Government Have Begun The Journey To Boost Electric Mobility Plan

Today electric mobility and renewable energies are growing together by intelligent charging. India has been ranked No. 1 in pollution related deaths, according to a report by The Lancet Commission on pollution and health. With 2.51 million deaths in 2015 alone, India accounted for about 28 pc of an estimated nine million pollution-linked deaths worldwide in 2015.

The State of Global Air (SGA) 2017 report had put this figure (deaths due to air pollution) for India at 10,90,400 deaths.

If India is serious about reducing its carbon foot print, drastically slash its death toll due to air pollution, reduce import of crude oil and save foreign exchange, it has no other alternative but to opt for electric vehicles as quickly as possible.

Now, very fastly Indian government is looking to push electric mobility in India. All key ministries are looking to design special scheme for the funding of electric vehicles.

Meanwhile, the State Government of Maharashtra has signed an agreement with Mahindra & Mahindra and Tata Motors to boost electric mobility in Maharashtra, especially in cities such as Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur.

Mahindra & Mahindra signed two MoUs with the Maharashtra Government. Under the first Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), the company will invest 500 crores in Chakan Plant to make parts of electric vehicles in the India, while under the second MoU, the company will launch 1,000 electric vehicles on the roads of Maharashtra next year.

At the same time, in a second deal, Tata Motors has also signed the MoU with the Maharashtra government to deploy 1,000 electric vehicles on the Maharashtra roads and make the infrastructure for the charging of these vehicles. Tata Motors will make Charging Infrastructure through its subsidiary Tata Power in Maharashtra.

These vehicles were provided by Tata Motors to EESL as part of its tender.

UN Environment also signed a funding agreement with the Government of Maharashtra and Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) which is a part of Tata Motors’ Tender, a company facilitating energy efficiency projects under India’s Ministry of Power. The electric cars are being provided by Mahindra and Mahindra.

This new partnership gives a huge boost to Maharashtra Electric Vehicle Policy 2018 and is a big step towards adopting e-mobility.

The company is in talks with Rajasthan, MP and Telangana for supply of electric cars. These three state governments too have shown interest in procuring electric vehicles from state-run Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL).

Along with Maharashtra many other states are looking forward to increasing the movement of electric vehicles to combat pollution from vehicular emission.

“It is our endeavour to contribute to the Indian Government’s e-mobility mission,” said Saurabh Kumar, Managing Director of EESL. “Maharashtra is among the top contributors to the Indian economy and its transition to e-mobility will have a positive effect on national goals related to climate and sustainable growth.”

”Not only it is eco-friendly, but it is also a cheaper alternative as seen in other countries. Even if you charge your car at about Rs 10 per unit, the cost running per kilometre is less than Rs 1 as compared to Rs 5 to Rs 6 for petrol and diesel,” said Saurabh Kumar, managing director, EESL.

Ministry of Power (MoP) – Proposing to fund the procurement of electric vehicles in India with a Vision 2030.

Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) – Working on “Green Urban Transport Scheme (GUTP)” to encourage the use of electric vehicles, focusing on buses for cities across the country.

Ministry of Road Transport and Highway (MoRTH) – Preparing a report on “Move in India” in partnership with World Bank to push state transport undertakings to procure electric buses.

The government has tried to push the sale of electric vehicles through various subsidy or tax holiday among the public. However, the program has got limited success till date.

India accounts for the top 14 cities with the worst average air quality worldwide, according to the latest air pollution database released by the World Health Organisation.

In 2016, Piyush Goyal, Union Minister for Power, said that from 2030, India would completely shift to using electric vehicles (EVs). The push for electric mobility was backed by the government think-tank, NITI Aayog, which has estimated that the nation can save up to ₹4 lakh crore by rapidly adopting EVs.

Even China has focussed on the use of electric buses as a catalyst for EV penetration. It is the largest electric bus manufacturer in the world, with most in use in the country.

It shows that sustained growth is possible only due to positive economic impacts of EVs. India is today the largest manufacturer and exporter of two-wheelers and auto-rickshaws.

There is need to integrated approach to address the key challenges and develop supporting infrastructure to promote electric mobility in India. India still needs to go long way to achieve 100% electric mobility target. It is important to learn from international experience.

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