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A Social Protection Floor For India

Social Protection Floor (SPF) are nationally defined as the set of policies and programs designed to reduce poverty and vulnerability by promoting efficient labour markets, diminishing people’s exposure to risks, and enhancing their capacity to protect themselves against hazards atmosphere while working  and interruption/loss of income. It also manage the economic and social risks, such as unemployment, sickness and old age.

While in reference of SPF if we talk about Social Security it meant that any government system which provides money and benefits to people in need or more importantly people with little or no income.

Major components through which Social Protection Floors function are there should be availability of Water, Sanitation, Health, Education, Social Work Support, Family focused, Maternity Care, Basic income security for older person etc.

The International Labour Organisation which was formed in 1919 which is similar to UN agency and received Nobel Peace Prize for improving peace among classes.

The ILO has set three major dimension of social protection :

  1. Extending the coverage and effectiveness of social security schemes
  2. Promoting labour protection
  3. Working through dedicated programmes like AIDS.

If we talk about vital role Government of India is playing in reference to protecting and safeguard the interests of workers and upholding their dignity as labour.

Government has started the scheme like Direct Benefit Transfer in which Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna(PMJDY) has now become the biggest financial inclusion initiative in the world and Rajiv Gandhi Shramik Kalyan Yojna, Aam Aadmi Bima Yojna, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna(RSBY), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan all have started since 1990 & the aim is to protect small vulnerable children in the age group 6 to 14 years, In 2015 India has launched Atal Pension Yojna  to provide fixed pension after the age of 60.

MGNREGA and Right to Education are two important policies that gives the poor a chance to make a living by earning and provide education to their children’s.

Overall if we see what all changes SPF made to protect unprivileged classes it give hopes to millions for better living and equal rights as a citizen and to understand their rights as humans better.

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